Version:

C
C

C

C

Here follow two examples of using Tarantool’s high-level C API.

Example 1

Here is a complete C program that inserts [99999,'B'] into space examples via the high-level C API.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

#include <tarantool/tarantool.h>
#include <tarantool/tnt_net.h>
#include <tarantool/tnt_opt.h>

void main() {
   struct tnt_stream *tnt = tnt_net(NULL);          /* See note = SETUP */
   tnt_set(tnt, TNT_OPT_URI, "localhost:3301");
   if (tnt_connect(tnt) < 0) {                      /* See note = CONNECT */
       printf("Connection refused\n");
       exit(-1);
   }
   struct tnt_stream *tuple = tnt_object(NULL);     /* See note = MAKE REQUEST */
   tnt_object_format(tuple, "[%d%s]", 99999, "B");
   tnt_insert(tnt, 999, tuple);                     /* See note = SEND REQUEST */
   tnt_flush(tnt);
   struct tnt_reply reply;  tnt_reply_init(&reply); /* See note = GET REPLY */
   tnt->read_reply(tnt, &reply);
   if (reply.code != 0) {
       printf("Insert failed %lu.\n", reply.code);
   }
   tnt_close(tnt);                                  /* See below = TEARDOWN */
   tnt_stream_free(tuple);
   tnt_stream_free(tnt);
}

Paste the code into a file named example.c and install tarantool-c. One way to install tarantool-c (using Ubuntu) is:

$ git clone git://github.com/tarantool/tarantool-c.git ~/tarantool-c
$ cd ~/tarantool-c
$ git submodule init
$ git submodule update
$ cmake .
$ make
$ make install

To compile and link the program, say:

$ # sometimes this is necessary:
$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib
$ gcc -o example example.c -ltarantool

Before trying to run, check that a server instance is listening at localhost:3301 and that the space examples exists, as described earlier. To run the program, say ./example. The program will connect to the Tarantool instance, and will send the request. If Tarantool is not running on localhost with listen address = 3301, the program will print “Connection refused”. If the insert fails, the program will print “Insert failed” and an error number (see all error codes in the source file /src/box/errcode.h).

Here are notes corresponding to comments in the example program.

SETUP: The setup begins by creating a stream.

struct tnt_stream *tnt = tnt_net(NULL);
tnt_set(tnt, TNT_OPT_URI, "localhost:3301");

In this program, the stream will be named tnt. Before connecting on the tnt stream, some options may have to be set. The most important option is TNT_OPT_URI. In this program, the URI is localhost:3301, since that is where the Tarantool instance is supposed to be listening.

Function description:

struct tnt_stream *tnt_net(struct tnt_stream *s)
int tnt_set(struct tnt_stream *s, int option, variant option-value)

CONNECT: Now that the stream named tnt exists and is associated with a URI, this example program can connect to a server instance.

if (tnt_connect(tnt) < 0)
   { printf("Connection refused\n"); exit(-1); }

Function description:

int tnt_connect(struct tnt_stream *s)

The connection might fail for a variety of reasons, such as: the server is not running, or the URI contains an invalid password. If the connection fails, the return value will be -1.

MAKE REQUEST: Most requests require passing a structured value, such as the contents of a tuple.

struct tnt_stream *tuple = tnt_object(NULL);
tnt_object_format(tuple, "[%d%s]", 99999, "B");

In this program, the request will be an INSERT, and the tuple contents will be an integer and a string. This is a simple serial set of values, that is, there are no sub-structures or arrays. Therefore it is easy in this case to format what will be passed using the same sort of arguments that one would use with a C printf() function: %d for the integer, %s for the string, then the integer value, then a pointer to the string value.

Function description:

ssize_t tnt_object_format(struct tnt_stream *s, const char *fmt, ...)

SEND REQUEST: The database-manipulation requests are analogous to the requests in the box library.

tnt_insert(tnt, 999, tuple);
tnt_flush(tnt);

In this program, the choice is to do an INSERT request, so the program passes the tnt_stream that was used for connection (tnt) and the tnt_stream that was set up with tnt_object_format() (tuple).

Function description:

ssize_t tnt_insert(struct tnt_stream *s, uint32_t space, struct tnt_stream *tuple)
ssize_t tnt_replace(struct tnt_stream *s, uint32_t space, struct tnt_stream *tuple)
ssize_t tnt_select(struct tnt_stream *s, uint32_t space, uint32_t index,
                   uint32_t limit, uint32_t offset, uint8_t iterator,
                   struct tnt_stream *key)
ssize_t tnt_update(struct tnt_stream *s, uint32_t space, uint32_t index,
                   struct tnt_stream *key, struct tnt_stream *ops)

GET REPLY: For most requests, the client will receive a reply containing some indication whether the result was successful, and a set of tuples.

struct tnt_reply reply;  tnt_reply_init(&reply);
tnt->read_reply(tnt, &reply);
if (reply.code != 0)
   { printf("Insert failed %lu.\n", reply.code); }

This program checks for success but does not decode the rest of the reply.

Function description:

struct tnt_reply *tnt_reply_init(struct tnt_reply *r)
tnt->read_reply(struct tnt_stream *s, struct tnt_reply *r)
void tnt_reply_free(struct tnt_reply *r)

TEARDOWN: When a session ends, the connection that was made with tnt_connect() should be closed, and the objects that were made in the setup should be destroyed.

tnt_close(tnt);
tnt_stream_free(tuple);
tnt_stream_free(tnt);

Function description:

void tnt_close(struct tnt_stream *s)
void tnt_stream_free(struct tnt_stream *s)

Example 2

Here is a complete C program that selects, using index key [99999], from space examples via the high-level C API. To display the results, the program uses functions in the MsgPuck library which allow decoding of MessagePack arrays.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <tarantool/tarantool.h>
#include <tarantool/tnt_net.h>
#include <tarantool/tnt_opt.h>

#define MP_SOURCE 1
#include <msgpuck.h>

void main() {
    struct tnt_stream *tnt = tnt_net(NULL);
    tnt_set(tnt, TNT_OPT_URI, "localhost:3301");
    if (tnt_connect(tnt) < 0) {
        printf("Connection refused\n");
        exit(1);
    }
    struct tnt_stream *tuple = tnt_object(NULL);
    tnt_object_format(tuple, "[%d]", 99999); /* tuple = search key */
    tnt_select(tnt, 999, 0, (2^32) - 1, 0, 0, tuple);
    tnt_flush(tnt);
    struct tnt_reply reply; tnt_reply_init(&reply);
    tnt->read_reply(tnt, &reply);
    if (reply.code != 0) {
        printf("Select failed.\n");
        exit(1);
    }
    char field_type;
    field_type = mp_typeof(*reply.data);
    if (field_type != MP_ARRAY) {
        printf("no tuple array\n");
        exit(1);
    }
    long unsigned int row_count;
    uint32_t tuple_count = mp_decode_array(&reply.data);
    printf("tuple count=%u\n", tuple_count);
    unsigned int i, j;
    for (i = 0; i < tuple_count; ++i) {
        field_type = mp_typeof(*reply.data);
        if (field_type != MP_ARRAY) {
            printf("no field array\n");
            exit(1);
        }
        uint32_t field_count = mp_decode_array(&reply.data);
        printf("  field count=%u\n", field_count);
        for (j = 0; j < field_count; ++j) {
            field_type = mp_typeof(*reply.data);
            if (field_type == MP_UINT) {
                uint64_t num_value = mp_decode_uint(&reply.data);
                printf("    value=%lu.\n", num_value);
            } else if (field_type == MP_STR) {
                const char *str_value;
                uint32_t str_value_length;
                str_value = mp_decode_str(&reply.data, &str_value_length);
                printf("    value=%.*s.\n", str_value_length, str_value);
            } else {
                printf("wrong field type\n");
                exit(1);
            }
        }
    }
    tnt_close(tnt);
    tnt_stream_free(tuple);
    tnt_stream_free(tnt);
}

Similarly to the first example, paste the code into a file named example2.c.

To compile and link the program, say:

$ gcc -o example2 example2.c -ltarantool

To run the program, say ./example2.

The two example programs only show a few requests and do not show all that’s necessary for good practice. See more in the tarantool-c documentation at GitHub.