Using sequences | Tarantool

Using sequences

A sequence is a generator of ordered integer values.

As with spaces and indexes, you should specify the sequence name and let Tarantool generate a unique numeric identifier (sequence ID).

As well, you can specify several options when creating a new sequence. The options determine what value will be generated whenever the sequence is used.

Option name Type and meaning Default Examples
start Integer. The value to generate the first time a sequence is used 1 start=0
min Integer. Values smaller than this cannot be generated 1 min=-1000
max Integer. Values larger than this cannot be generated 9223372036854775807 max=0
cycle Boolean. Whether to start again when values cannot be generated false cycle=true
cache Integer. The number of values to store in a cache 0 cache=0
step Integer. What to add to the previous generated value, when generating a new value 1 step=-1
if_not_exists Boolean. If this is true and a sequence with this name exists already, ignore other options and use the existing values false if_not_exists=true

Once a sequence exists, it can be altered, dropped, reset, forced to generate the next value, or associated with an index.

For an initial example, we generate a sequence named ‘S’.

tarantool> box.schema.sequence.create('S',{min=5, start=5})
- step: 1
  id: 5
  min: 5
  cache: 0
  uid: 1
  max: 9223372036854775807
  cycle: false
  name: S
  start: 5

The result shows that the new sequence has all default values, except for the two that were specified, min and start.

Then we get the next value, with the next() function.

tarantool> box.sequence.S:next()
- 5

The result is the same as the start value. If we called next() again, we would get 6 (because the previous value plus the step value is 6), and so on.

Then we create a new table and specify that its primary key should be generated from the sequence.

tarantool> s:create_index('I',{sequence='S'})
- parts:
  - type: unsigned
    is_nullable: false
    fieldno: 1
  sequence_id: 1
  id: 0
  space_id: 520
  unique: true
  type: TREE
  sequence_fieldno: 1
  name: I

Then we insert a tuple without specifying a value for the primary key.

tarantool>{nil,'other stuff'}
- [6, 'other stuff']

The result is a new tuple where the first field has a value of 6. This arrangement, where the system automatically generates the values for a primary key, is sometimes called “auto-incrementing” or “identity”.

For syntax and implementation details, see the reference for box.schema.sequence.

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